The music stave. Think of a notebook that has lines so that we write straight. Something similar is the music stave. It has five lines now but it but it used to have more or even less lines in the past. Trivia: sometimes, there were only a couple of lines and the notes were levitating between them… Not very practical but still, it somehow worked. We can notate notes either right on the lines (like a yakitori, where the line is the skewer and the note is the chicken) or just between them. The space between two lines is called *drumroll…* a SPACE. See? No imagination there. So, in a stave we have 5 lines and 4 spaces. Within a composition, all staves need to start off with a clef, as clefs are the symbols that indicate which note is which. Think of encryption. You need a key to decrypt what has been encrypted, right? So, there’s no skipping that. Next to the clef, we have the key signature, which is yet another unskippable element of music notation. No matter how big the composition is, each stave needs to show whether we have any ‘default’ sharps or flats. Finally, there’s the time signature. Now, the time signature is something that’s only notated in the first line and is omitted unless we change it. Then, we have the notes.